Document Type




Format of Original

12 p.

Publication Date



Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Source Publication

Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

doi: 10.1097/FJC.0b013e3181b2b842


Mitochondria are damaged by cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury but can contribute to cardioprotection. We tested if hyperkalemic cardioplegia (CP) and lidocaine (LID) differently modulate mitochondrial (m) bioenergetics and protect hearts against I/R injury. Guinea pig hearts (n = 71) were perfused with Krebs Ringer's solution before perfusion for 1 minute just before ischemia with either CP (16 mM K+) or LID (1 mM) or Krebs Ringer's (control, 4 mM K+). The 1-minute perfusion period assured treatment during ischemia but not on reperfusion. Cardiac function, NADH, FAD, m[Ca2+], and superoxide (reactive oxygen species) were assessed at baseline, during the 1-minute perfusion, and continuously during I/R. During the brief perfusion before ischemia, CP and LID decreased reactive oxygen species and increased NADH without changing m[Ca2+]. Additionally, CP decreased FAD. During ischemia, NADH was higher and reactive oxygen species was lower after CP and LID, whereas m[Ca2+] was lower only after LID. On reperfusion, NADH and FAD were more normalized, and m[Ca2+] and reactive oxygen species remained lower after CP and LID. Better functional recovery and smaller infarct size after CP and LID were accompanied by better mitochondrial function. These results suggest that mitochondria may be implicated, directly or indirectly, in protection by CP and LID against I/R injury.


Accepted version. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Vol. 54, No. 4 (October 2009): 298-309. DOI. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. Used with permission.