Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
While working in industry during the 1980s and 1990s, project failures were to be avoided at all costs. For engineers in the medical device industry, these failures could be in the form of: 1) an idea for a new product or feature that eventually failed due to technical infeasibility, regulatory hurdles, lack of market interest, or difficulty in manufacturing; 2) a prototype that did not function as required; or 3) an animal or human clinical study that yielded poor results. They typically resulted in significant project delays, wasted time and money, and lost revenues, and often led to lower raises, fewer promotion opportunities, and damaged reputations.
Goldberg, Jay R., "Attitudes Toward Failure in Capstone Design Projects" (2019). Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications. 615.
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