Comparison of the Sequence of Fibrinopeptide a Cleavage from Fibrinogen Fragment e by Thrombin, Atroxin, or Batroxobin

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Thrombosis Research

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DOI: 10.1016/0049-3848(93)90086-4


In order to investigate the sequence of fibrinopeptide release from the amino terminal end of a dimeric fibrinogen-derived substrate by thrombin or batroxobins, we studied their effects on plasmic fragment E1, a core fragment from the central domain of fibrinogen containing both Aα chain fibrinopeptide A (FPA) sequences. Isoelectric focusing (IEF) was employed as a means of resolving des A-fragment E1, from which one FPA had been cleaved, from des AA-fragment E1 resulting from the loss of both FPA's. Using densitometric gel scanning for quantification of the levels of intact fragment E1, des A-fragment E1, and des AA-fragment E1, in mixtures incubated with enzyme for various periods of time, we found similar catalytic rate constants (k1, k2) for release of the first fibrinopeptide A, (FPA1) or the second, (FPA2) from fragment E1, with either thrombin or batroxobin (k2 : k1 ratios of 1.10 ± 0.42, 1.34 ± 0.26 respectively). Atroxin released FPA2 more slowly than FPA1 with a k2 : k1 ratio of 0.34 ± 0.1. Th finding that the cleavage of FPA2 by Atroxin is three-fold slower than thrombin and almost four-fold slower than batroxobin, suggest that batroxobin and thrombin cleavage of FPA2 may be cooperative in nature. However, the cooperativity in the cleavage sequence is insufficient to markedly suppress the evolution of intermediate des A fragment E species during early and intermediate phases of FPA cleavage from fragment E.


Thrombosis Research, Vol. 70, No. 6 (June 15, 1993): 437-449. DOI.