Organic Cation Transporters and Nongenomic Glucocorticoid Action

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Contribution to Book

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Source Publication

Organic Cation Transporters in the Central Nervous System

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Original Item ID

DOI: 10.1007/164_2021_493


Corticosteroid hormones exert powerful influences on neuronal physiology and behavior by activating intracellular glucocorticoid receptors (GR) and mineralocorticoid receptors (MR), which act as ligand-gated transcription factors, altering gene expression. In addition to these genomic effects on physiology and behavior, which are usually delayed by minutes to hours, corticosteroid hormones also initiate rapid effects through diverse nongenomic mechanisms. One such mechanism involves the direct inhibition by corticosteroid hormones of monoamine transport mediated by the “uptake2” transporter, organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3), a high-capacity, low-affinity transporter for norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, and histamine. In this review we describe studies that demonstrate OCT3 expression and corticosterone-sensitive monoamine transport in the brain and present evidence supporting the hypothesis that corticosterone exerts rapid, nongenomic actions on glia and neurons, ultimately modulating physiology and behavior, by inhibiting OCT3-mediated monoamine clearance. We also describe the corticosteroid sensitivity of the other members of the uptake2 family and examine their potential contributions to nongenomic effects of corticosteroids in the brain.


"Organic Cation Transporters and Nongenomic Glucocorticoid Action" in Organic Cation Transporters in the Central Nervous System. Cham: Springer (2021): 241-251. DOI.