Document Type


Publication Date


Source Publication

Polymer Degradation and Stability

Source ISSN



Clay was modified with an oligomeric surfactant containing styrene and lauryl acrylate units along with a small amount of vinylbenzyl chloride to permit the formation of an ammonium salt so that this can be attached to a clay. The oligomerically-modified clay contains 50% inorganic clay, and styrenic polymer nanocomposites, including those of polystyrene (PS), high-impact polystyrene (HIPS), styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN) and acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS), were prepared by melt blending. The morphologies of the nanocomposites were evaluated by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Mixed intercalated/delaminated nanocomposites were formed for SAN and ABS while largely immiscible nanocomposites were formed for PS and HIPS. The thermal stability and fire properties were evaluated using thermogravimetric analysis and cone calorimetry, respectively. The plasticization from the oligomeric surfactant was suppressed and the tensile strength and Young's modulus were improved, compared to similar oligomerically-modified clays with higher organic content.


Accepted version. Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 91, No. 11 (November 2006): 2665-2674. DOI. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. Used with permission.

wilkie_1676acc.docx (694 kB)
ADA accessible version

Included in

Chemistry Commons