Tuning Internal Strain in Metal–Organic Frameworks via Vapor Phase Infiltration for CO2 Reduction
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
A gas-phase approach to form Zn coordination sites on metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) by vapor-phase infiltration (VPI) was developed. Compared to Zn sites synthesized by the solution-phase method, VPI samples revealed approximately 2.8 % internal strain. Faradaic efficiency towards conversion of CO2 to CO was enhanced by up to a factor of four, and the initial potential was positively shifted by 200–300 mV. Using element-specific X-ray absorption spectroscopy, the local coordination environment of the Zn center was determined to have square-pyramidal geometry with four Zn−N bonds in the equatorial plane and one Zn-OH2 bond in the axial plane. The fine-tuned internal strain was further supported by monitoring changes in XRD and UV/Visible absorption spectra across a range of infiltration cycles. The ability to use internal strain to increase catalytic activity of MOFs suggests that applying this strategy will enhance intrinsic catalytic capabilities of a variety of porous materials.
Yang, Fan; Hu, Wenhui; Yang, Chongqing; Patrick, Margaret; Cooksy, Andrew L.; Zhang, Jian; Aguiar, Jeffery A.; Fang, Chengcheng; Zhou, Yinghua; Meng, Ying Shirley; Huang, Jier; and Gu, Jing, "Tuning Internal Strain in Metal–Organic Frameworks via Vapor Phase Infiltration for CO2 Reduction" (2020). Chemistry Faculty Research and Publications. 1030.
ADA Accessible Version
Accepted version. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 59, No. 11 (March 9, 2020): 4602-4610. DOI. © 2020 Wiley-VCH Verlag. Used with permission.