Montmorillonite clay was modified with an oligomeric surfactant, which was then melt blended with polyethylene and polypropylene in a Brabender mixer. The morphology was characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, while thermal stability was evaluated from thermogravimetric analysis and the fire properties by cone calorimetry. The nanocomposites are best described as mixed immiscible/intercalated/delaminated systems and the reduction in peak heat release rate is about 40% at 5% inorganic clay loading.
Zhang, Jinguo; Jiang, David D.; and Wilkie, Charles A., "Polyethylene and Polypropylene Nanocomposites based upon an Oligomerically-Modified Clay" (2005). Chemistry Faculty Research and Publications. 115.
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Accepted version. Thermochimica Acta, Volume 430, Issues 1-2, pp 107-113 (June, 2005). DOI: © 2005 Elsevier B.V. Used with permission.