A Carbocation Substituted Clay and its Styrene nanocomposite
Polymer Degradation and Stability
A substituted tropylium ion can be ion-exchanged onto montmorillonite to give a novel organically-modified clay. One can prepare a polystyrene nanocomposite of this clay by emulsion, but not bulk, polymerization. This is the first example of a clay that contains a carbocation and its use to prepare a polymer-clay nanocomposite. Both the clay and its nanocomposites exhibit outstanding thermal stability. Characterization by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, cone calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis and the evaluation of mechanical properties shows that a mixed intercalated-exfoliated nanocomposite is obtained.