Probing Radical Pathways in Electrophilic Addition of Halogens: Classical vs. Bridged Intermediates
Chemical Physics Letters
We examine radical mediated pathways in electrophilic addition to the simplest alkene, ethylene, where the structure of the radical intermediate has been extensively debated. Starting from the π-complex with a dihalogen, C2H4⋯I2, isolated in an inert matrix, we initiate reaction by photolytically cleaving the I2 bond. We succeed in trapping and spectroscopically interrogating the symmetrically bridged radical complex, which calculations confirm is the global minimum on the C2H5I Potential Energy Surface (PES). Consistent with the participation of a bridged intermediate, radical addition preferentially but not exclusively yields the anti-stereoisomer of the 1,2-diiodoethane product.