Probing Synergism, Antagonism, and Additive Effects in Poly(vinyl Ester) (PVE) Composites with Fire Retardants
Polymer Degradation and Stability
Potential fire retardants, including copper hydroxy dodecyl sulfate (CHDS), organically-modified montmorillonite (Cloisite 15A), and resorcinol di-phosphate (RDP), were added to pure poly(vinyl ester) (PVE) individually or in combinations at low concentration formulations. Thermogravimetric analysis and cone calorimetry were used to study the thermal stability and fire performance of the composites. Synergistic, antagonistic, and additive effects were observed depending on the specific formulation. Time to self-sustained combustion is greatly reduced, but the flame extinguishes faster, for the composites containing CROS alone or in combination with either RDP or Cloisite 15A compared to the virgin polymer. The presence of copper in PVE composites containing additive, CHDS, may be responsible for the enhanced thermal stability and fire performance.
Kandare, Everson; Chigwada, Grace; Wang, Dongyan; Wilkie, Charles; and Hossenlopp, Jeanne, "Probing Synergism, Antagonism, and Additive Effects in Poly(vinyl Ester) (PVE) Composites with Fire Retardants" (2006). Chemistry Faculty Research and Publications. 3.
Accepted version. Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 91, No. 6 (June 2006): 1209-1218. DOI. © 2006 Elsevier. Used with permission.
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Polymer Degradation and Stability. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Polymer Degradation and Stability, VOL 91, ISSUE 6, June 2006, DOI.