Kinetic and Structural Characterization of Manganese(II)-Loaded Methionyl Aminopeptidases
Manganese(II) activation of the methionyl aminopeptidases from Escherichia coli (EcMetAP-I) and the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus (PfMetAP-II) was investigated. Maximum catalytic activity for both enzymes was obtained with 1 equiv of Mn(II), and the dissociation constants (Kd) for the first metal binding site were found to be 6 ± 0.5 and 1 ± 0.5 μM for EcMetAP-I and PfMetAP-II, respectively. These Kd values were verified by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and found to be 3.0 ± 0.2 and 1.4 ± 0.2 μM for EcMetAP-I and PfMetAP-II, respectively. The hydrolysis of MGMM was measured in triplicate between 25 and 85 °C at eight substrate concentrations ranging from 2 to 20 mM for PfMetAP-II. Both specific activity and Km values increased with increasing temperature. An Arrhenius plot was constructed from the kcat values and was found to be linear over the temperature range 25−85 °C. The activation energy for the Mn(II)-loaded PfMetAP-II hydrolysis of MGMM was found to be 25.7 kJ/mol while the remaining thermodynamic parameters calculated at 25 °C are ΔG⧧ = 50.1 kJ/mol, ΔH⧧ = 23.2 kJ/mol, and ΔS⧧ = −90.2 J·mol-1·K-1.