Polymer Degradation and Stability
Nanocomposites of polystyrene (PS), acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS) and high impact polystyrene (HIPS) were prepared with two new homologous benzimidazolium surfactants used as organic modifications for the clays. The morphology of the polymer/clay hybrids was evaluated by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), showing good overall dispersion of the clay. The thermal stability of the polymer/clay nanocomposites was enhanced, as evaluated by thermogravimetric analysis. From cone calorimetric measurements, the peak heat release rate of the nanocomposites was decreased by about the same amount as seen for other organically-modified, commercially available clays.
Costache, Marius C.; Heidecker, Matthew; Manias, Evangelos; Gupta, Rakesh K.; and Wilkie, Charles A., "Benzimidazolium Surfactants for Modification of Clays for Use with Styrenic Polymers" (2007). Chemistry Faculty Research and Publications. 37.