A Versatile Synthesis of Electroactive Stilbenoprismands for Effective Binding of Metal Cations
American Chemical Society
The Journal of Organic Chemistry
A versatile synthesis of a new class of polyaromatic receptors (stilbenoprismands) containing a Δ-shaped cavity similar to that of the π-prismand together with an intimately coupled electroactive stilbenoid moiety was accomplished via an efficient intramolecular McMurry coupling reaction. The presence of the Δ-shaped cavity in stilbenoprismands allows an efficient binding of a single silver cation as probed by 1H NMR spectroscopy. Electron-rich stilbenoprismands undergo a ready oxidation to their highly robust cation−radical and dicationic salts. X-ray structure determination of a representative dicationic stilbenoprismand showed that the charges were largely localized on the tetraarylethylene moiety, which results in a twisting of the ethylenic C═C bond by ∼35°. Moreover, the electronic coupling among the stilbenoid and π-prismand moieties in various stilbenoprismands was briefly probed by optical methods.