Title

Kinetic, Spectroscopic, and X-Ray Crystallographic Evidence for the Cooperative Mechanism of the Hydration of Nitriles Catalyzed by a Tetranuclear Ruthenium-μ-oxo-μ-hydroxo Complex

Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Publication Date

2008

Publisher

American Chemical Society

Source Publication

Organometallics

Source ISSN

0276-7333

Abstract

The tetranuclear ruthenium-oxo-hydroxo-hydride complex {[(PCy3)(CO)RuH]44-O)(μ3-OH)(μ2-OH)} (1) was found to be a highly cooperative catalyst for the nitrile hydration reaction. The cooperative mechanism of the hydration of benzonitrile was established by Hill inhibition kinetics. The treatment of a nitrile substrate with complex 1 led to the catalytically relevant nitrile-coordinated tetraruthenium complex 3. The X-ray structure of the nitrile-coordinated complex 3 showed a considerably “relaxed” tetrameric core structure compared to that of 1. The hydration of para-substituted benzonitriles p-X-C6H4CN with an electron-withdrawing group (X = Cl, Br, CO2H, CF3) exhibited cooperative kinetics, as indicated by the sigmoidal saturation kinetics, while the hydration of nitriles with an electron-donating group (X = OH, OMe, t-Bu, CH3) obeyed Michaelis–Menten saturation kinetics. The formation of a ruthenium hydride species was observed during the hydration of methacrylonitrile, and its monomeric nature was established by using DOSY NMR techniques.

Comments

Organometallics, Vol. 27, No. 9 (2008): 2030-2035. DOI.

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