Inhibition by Red Phosphorus of Unimolecular Thermal Chain-scission in Poly(methyl methacrylate): Investigation by NMR, FT-IR and Laser Desorption/fourier Transform Mass Spectroscopy
Journal of Polymer Science: Part A, Polymer Chemistry
The reaction of red phosphorus with poly(methyl methacrylate) under pyrolysis conditions was investigated with a number of physical techniques. A random methyl methacrylate/cyclic anhydride copolymer is formed from atatic PMMA, whereas a random methyl methacrylate/methacrylic acid copolymer is obtained with isotactic PMMA. The backbones of both these copolymers are more stable toward depolymerization than that of PMMA. The flame‐retardant activity of red phosphorus with PMMA may arise in part from stabilization of the polymer toward depolymerization via modification of the sidechains.