Title

TGA/FTIR: An Extremely Useful Technique for Studying Polymer Degradation

Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Publication Date

12-1999

Publisher

Elsevier

Source Publication

Polymer Degradation and Stability

Source ISSN

0141-3910

Abstract

Thermogravimetric analysis coupled to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, TGA/FTIR, has been used to probe the degradation of several polymeric systems. These include poly(methyl methacrylate) in the presence of various additives, graft copolymers of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene and styrene-butadiene with sodium methacrylate and styrene with acrylonitrile, blends of styrene-butadiene block copolymers with poly(vinylphosphonic acid) and poly(vinylsulfonic acid), and cross-linked polystyrenes. Additives may interact with poly(methyl methacrylate) by coordination to the carbonyl oxygen to a Lewis acid and the subsequent transfer of an electron from the polymer chain to the metal atom or by the formation of a radical which can trap the degrading radicals before they can undergo further degradation. When an inorganic char-former is graft copolymerized onto a polymer, there is a good correlation between TGA behavior in an inert atmosphere and thermal stability in air, but this is not true when the char is largely carbonific.

Comments

Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 66, No. 3 (December 1999): 301-306. DOI.

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