Comparative Study on the Flammability of Polyethylene Modified with Commercial Fire Retardants and a Zinc Aluminum Oleate Layered Double Hydroxide
Polymer Degradation and Stability
Polyethylene (PE) was modified by the addition of a layered hydroxide of zinc aluminum oleate (ZnAl) and/or commercial fire retardants. Commercial additives included: melamine polyphosphate (MPP), ammonium polyphosphate (APP), triphenol phosphate (TPP), resorcinol diphosphate (RDP), decabromophenyl oxide (DECA) and antimony oxide (AO). The thermal stability and the combustion behaviors of the new composite polymeric materials are evaluated in TGA experiments and cone calorimetry. At 20% total additive loading, APP and LDH enhance the thermal stability of the PE composites and favor char formation. ZnAl leads to the best reduction in the peak of heat release rate (PHRR), 72%, while the combinations of PE with other additives give reductions in the range 20-40%. The combination of DECA and AO effectively increases the time to ignition and time to PHRR while LDH lowers these two Phosphate fire retardants parameters. APP and MPP on the other hand, do not affect the time to ignition, but they effectively increase the time to PHRR relative to the pristine polymer.
Manzi-Nshuti, Charles; Hossenlopp, Jeanne; and Wilkie, Charles A., "Comparative Study on the Flammability of Polyethylene Modified with Commercial Fire Retardants and a Zinc Aluminum Oleate Layered Double Hydroxide" (2009). Chemistry Faculty Research and Publications. 9.
Accepted version. Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 94, No. 5 (May 2009): 782-788. DOI. © 2009 Elsevier. Used with permission.
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication inPolymer Degradation and Stability. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Polymer Degradation and Stability, VOL 94, ISSUE 5, May 2009, DOI.