Format of Original
American Concrete Institute
ACI Materials Journal
Original Item ID
The influence of the rheology of fresh concrete on the settlement of aggregate is examined. Fresh concrete exhibits a yield stress that, under certain conditions, prevents the settlement of coarse aggregate, although its density is larger than that of the suspending mortar. Calculations, based on estimates of the yield stress obtained from slump tests, predict that aggregate normally used in concrete should not sink. To test this prediction, the settlement of a stone in fresh mortar is monitored. The stone does not sink in the undisturbed mortar (which has a high yield stress), but sinks when the mortar is vibrated, presumably due to a large reduction in its yield stress. This implies that during placement of concrete, the aggregate settles only while the concrete is being vibrated. A unique experimental method for measuring aggregate settlement is also introduced and demonstrated.
Petrou, Michael F.; Wan, Baolin; Gadala-Maria, Francis; Kolli, Venkata Giri; and Harries, Kent A., "Influence of Mortar Rheology on Aggregate Settlement" (2000). Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research and Publications. 15.