Document Type




Publication Date



Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

Source Publication

2018 IEEE 42nd Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC)

Source ISSN



When starting new and healthy habits or encouraging vigilance against returning to poor habits, a simple text message can be beneficial. Text messages also have the advantage of being easily accessible for lower-income populations spread over a rural area, who may not be able to afford smartphones with apps or data plans. Users benefit the most from text messages that are customized for them, but personalization requires time and effort on part of the user and the counselor. However, personalization that focuses on the cultural background of a pool of recipients, in addition to general personal preferences, can be a low-cost method of ensuring the best experience for patients interested in taking up new habits. In this paper, we discuss the development of a system for motivating users to quit smoking designed for Native American users in South Dakota, using text messaging as a daily intervention method for patients. Our results show that focusing on modular message customization options and messages with a conversational tone best helps our goal of providing users with customization options that help motivate them to live happy and healthy lifestyles.


Accepted version. 2018 IEEE 42nd Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference, (2018): 866-874. DOI. © 2018 Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . Used with permission.

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