To investigate the effect of an experimental biomimetic mineralization kit (BIMIN) on the chemical composition and crystallinity of caries-free enamel and dentin samples in vitro.
Enamel and dentin samples from 20 human teeth (10 for enamel; 10 for dentin) were divided into a control group without treatment and test samples with BIMIN treatment. Quantitative analysis of tissue penetration of fluoride, phosphate, and calcium was performed using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Mineralization depth was measured by Raman spectroscopy probing the symmetric valence vibration near 960 cm−1 as a marker for crystallinity. EDX data was statistically analyzed using a paired t-test and Raman data was analyzed using the Student’s t-test.
EDX analysis demonstrated a penetration depth of fluoride of 4.10 ± 3.32 μm in enamel and 4.31 ± 2.67 μm in dentin. Calcium infiltrated into enamel 2.65 ± 0.64 μm and into dentin 5.58 ± 1.63 μm, while the penetration depths for phosphate were 4.83 ± 2.81 μm for enamel and 6.75 ± 3.25 μm for dentin. Further, up to 25 μm of a newly mineralized enamel-like layer was observed on the surface of the samples. Raman concentration curves demonstrated an increased degree of mineralization up to 5–10 μm into the dentin and enamel samples.
Biomimetic mineralization of enamel and dentin samples resulted in an increase of mineralization and a penetration of fluoride into enamel and dentin.
Guentsch, Arndt; Fahmy, Mina D.; Wehrle, Contanze; Nitzsche, Sandor; Popp, Jürgen; Watts, David C.; Kranz, Stefan; Krafft, Christoph; and Sigusch, Bernd W., "Effect of Biomimetic Mineralization on Enamel and Dentin: A Raman and EDX Analysis" (2019). School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications. 356.
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