Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Most problems associated with chemotherapeutic agents involve non-specific cytotoxicity, low intratumoral accumulation and drug resistance. Targeted drug delivery systems (TDDS) based on nanoparticles (NPs) are a new strategy for better therapeutic efficiency, along with reduction of side effects commonly seen with cancer drugs. Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), as one of the furthest developed synthetic polymer, has gained significant attention because of excellent properties—including biodegradability and biocompatibility, controlled release of drug, protection of drug or gene from decomposition and ability to modify surface with targeting agents for both cancer diagnosis and therapy. Aptamers are single-stranded RNA or DNA that can fold through intramolecular interactions into specific three-dimensional structures to selectively and exclusively bind with interested biomarkers. In this review, we explain the latest developments regarding the application of aptamer-decorated PLGA NPs in delivery of therapeutic agents or cancer-related genes into cancer cells. Additionally, we discuss the most recent efforts in the field of aptamer-grafted PLGA-based NPs as theranostics and stimuli-responsive agents.
Hashemi, Maryam; Shamshiri, Azarmidokht; Saeedi, Majid; Tayebi, Lobat; and Yazdian-Robati, Rezvan, "Aptamer-Conjugated PLGA Nanoparticles for Delivery and Imaging of Cancer Therapeutic Drugs" (2020). School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications. 398.
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