Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Publication Date

10-2020

Publisher

Elsevier

Source Publication

Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research

Source ISSN

2212-4268

Abstract

Purpose

Over the past decades, a variety of biomaterials have been investigated in terms of their suitability for oral mucosa tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to compare collagen and GelMA hydrogels as connective tissue scaffolds for fibroblasts and as substrates for seeding and culture of oral epithelial keratinocyte cells.

Methods

Human primary oral fibroblast and keratinocyte cells were isolated from gingival biopsies. The mixture of fibroblasts with GelMA or collagen gel were aliquoted within six-well tissue culture plate inserts and cross-linked using visible light or reconstitution buffer/heat, respectively. The viability of fibroblasts in the hydrogels was investigated after one and three days of cultivation using the PrestoBlue assay. Following the addition and culture of oral keratinocytes onto the connective tissue constructs, the tissue-engineered oral mucosa was assessed histologically.

Results

The tissue viability assay shows that collagen hydrogels encapsulating fibroblasts displayed significantly higher cell viability than cell-laden GelMA constructs after 24 and 72 h (p < 0.05). A stratified and differentiated epithelium has formed on the surface of cell-laden collagen hydrogel but not on the surface of the GelMA-based substrate.

Conclusion

Collagen-based scaffold offers superior biological properties compared to GelMA hydrogel in terms of oral fibroblast growth, as well as epithelial cell adhesion and differentiation. Therefore, collagen-based hydrogels remain the preferred choice for oral mucosa tissue engineering.

Comments

Accepted version. Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research, Vol. 10, No. 4 (October-December 2020): 573-577. DOI. © 2020 Elsevier. Used with permission.

Available for download on Monday, January 03, 2022

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