Biomineralization, Strength and Cytocompatibility Improvement of Bredigite Scaffolds Through Doping/Coating
Coprecipitation-derived, sacrificial polymeric (urethane) foam-fabricated bredigite (Ca7MgSi4O16) scaffolds were processed by individual and combined treatments of fluoride doping and poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) coating and then studied in terms of structure, mechanical strength, bioactivity and cell biocompatibility in vitro. According to scanning electron microscopy and Archimedes porosimetry, the geometrical characteristics of pores for all the scaffolds are in the appropriate range for hard tissue regeneration applications. The apatite-formation ability of the samples immersed in a simulated body fluid is improved by doping for both the bare and coated conditions, based on microscopic and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopic analyses. Both the treatments advantageously buffer physiological pH changes imposed due to the fast bioresorption of the ceramic. Also, the biodegradable PLGA coating typically enhances the compressive strength of the scaffolds, which is critical for bone tissue engineering. In accordance with the MTT assay on osteoblast-like cells (MG-63) cultures, both the processes individually enhance the cell viability, while the highest improvement is obtained for the combined application of them. It is finally concluded that fluoride doping and PLGA coating are impressive approaches to improve the bioperformance of bredigite-based scaffolds.
Keihan, R.; Ghorbani, A. R.; Salahinejad, E.; Sharifi, E.; and Tayebi, Lobat, "Biomineralization, Strength and Cytocompatibility Improvement of Bredigite Scaffolds Through Doping/Coating" (2020). School of Dentistry Faculty Research and Publications. 447.
ADA Accessible Version
Accepted version. Ceramics International, Vol. 46, No. 13 (September 2020): 21056-21063. DOI. © 2020 Elsevier. Used with permission.