Materials Used Intraoperatively During Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Procedures

Document Type

Contribution to Book

Publication Date




Source Publication

Applications of Biomedical Engineering in Dentistry

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-21583-5_3


Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) is a broad scope medical and dental specialty that focuses on the diagnoses and treatment of a wide range of disorders including those that affect the head and neck, as well as the facial complex and skeleton. A number of tools and materials can be used intraoperatively with the intention of increasing the success rate of a surgical procedure and shortening the healing time for patients. In this chapter, we will explore several elements of surgical intervention relating to the use of varying types of bone grafts, along with implementing growth factors and enhancers including bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), and platelet-rich plasma (PRP). In addition, we will examine the use of biodegradable materials including bone plates, membranes, and scaffolds. Further, we will discuss the use of implantable devices in the surgical treatment of patients for replacement of teeth and fixation of hard tissue structures using customizable titanium plates and screws within the realm of OMFS. Finally, we consider what the future holds with regard to technologically assisted surgery.


"Materials Used Interoperatively During Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Procedures," in Applications of Biomedical Engineering in Dentistry. Ed. Lobat Tayebi. Cham, Switzerland: Springer 2020: 21-42. DOI.