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Advanced Healthcare Materials

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Despite all of the efforts in the field of cancer therapy, the heterogeneous properties of tumor cells induce an insufficient therapeutic outcome when treated with conventional monotherapies, necessitating a shift in cancer treatment from monotherapy to combination therapy for complete cancer treatment. Multifunctional bismuth (Bi)-based nanomaterials (NMs) with therapeutic functions hold great promise for the fields of cancer diagnosis and therapy based on their low toxicity, X-ray sensitive capabilities, high atomic number, near-infrared driven semiconductor properties, and low cost. Herein, a comprehensive review of recent advances in various medicinal aspects of Bi-based NMs is presented including: evaluation of in-tumor site accumulation, tumor targeting, and therapeutic performance, as well as the characteristics, benefits, and shortcomings of Bi-based NM-mediated major monotherapies. In addition, the cooperative enhancement mechanisms between two or more of these monotherapies are described in detail to address common challenges in cancer therapy, such as multidrug resistance, hypoxia, and metastasis. Finally, this review opens new insights into the design of multimodal synergistic therapies for potential future clinical applications of Bi-based NMs.


Accepted version. Advanced Healthcare Materials, Vol. 9, No. 7 (April 8, 2020): 1901695. DOI. © 2020 Wiley. Used with permission.

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