Date of Award

Spring 1971

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Hanlon, James


The system approach in the area of reference to man's work is considered to be a rather recent phenomenon. This belief is not only untrue, but has led to many misconceptions about the term, "systems." Science has used this approach since before the birth of Christ, and its origin can be traced approximately to the third century B.C. The general systems concept has a long and involved history, although the term itself was not introduced until after the Second World War, when von Bertalanffy discussed general systems theory in relation to Biology. Since that time, the concept of systems has proliferated so that each discipline has used the term in its unique way...



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