Date of Award

Spring 2006

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

English

First Advisor

Curran, John

Second Advisor

Gillespie, Michael P.

Third Advisor

Rivero, Albert

Abstract

The relationship between rhetoric and power in many of Shakespeare's plays is undeniable. Rhetoric is the primary agent for directing characters' actions against one another. In a sense, rhetoric creates power differentials which can only be explored through the language that certain characters express toward one another. Rhetoric establishes relationships, creates characters, destroys characters, affirms allegiances, builds tension, and resolves conflict. Rhetoric is constantly in motion, producing effects that several of the characters cannot possibly foresee. The Tragedy of Richard Ill (1592- 93) is one of the earliest Shakespearean plays to explore the power of rhetoric. One of the crucial aspects of the play is Richard's ability to seduce other characters through this rhetoric. In later plays, namely Othello (1604) and Julius Caesar (1599), other characters, particularly Iago and Cassius, adopt a similar means for seducing individuals through their words. But even more significantly with Julius Caesar, Shakespeare begins to examine how an individual, namely Caesar himself, can become a "rhetorical instrument," an icon, used to seduce the mass population. Shakespeare follows a similar line of thinking in Coriolanus (1607), when Volumnia creates her son, the "Coriolanusimage," as a rhetorical agent to sway the mob and ensure her success. Over the course of these four plays, Shakespeare demonstrates an interest in the relationship between rhetoric and seduction. Relying upon "the language theories of our day," this dissertation will focus on the notion of power, as it is infiltrated into studies of rhetoric. By using these works and others, Shakespeare's use of the rhetoric of seduction, in the context of Renaissance rhetoric, can be demonstrated.

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