Date of Award

Fall 2007

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Novotny, Vladimir

Second Advisor

Melching, Charles S.

Third Advisor

Ehlinger, Timothy J.


Section 101(a) of the federal Clean Water Act (CWA), states that it's the "Congressional declaration of goals and policy" to achieve the "Restoration and maintenance of chemical, physical and biological integrity of Nation's waters..." The progress towards meeting this national goal has historically been measured by administrative activity and chemical water quality. The historic presumption has been that with improvements in chemical water quality, restoration of biological integrity will follow...



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