Parenting Styles and Adolescent Self-Determination in Academic, Religious, and TV-Related Activities
Date of Award
Dissertation - Restricted
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
For the past three decades, research has shown the negative effects that power-assertive (Hoffman, 1970, 1975; Hoffman and Saltzstein, 1967), authoritarian (Baumrind, 1971, 1973, 1983, 1989, 1991a, 1991b, 1991c), and controlling parents (Grolnick & Ryan, 1989) have on children. For example, Hoffman (1970, 1975) found in the area of family discipline that the use of power-assertion is significantly associated with weak moral development. Likewise, children from authoritarian parents have been found to be low in individuation, social consciousness, and autonomy (Baumrind, 1971, 1973). In addition, several researchers report that children of controlling parents have exhibited low levels of autonomy or self-regulation in academic work (Grolnick & Ryan, 1989; Grolnick, Ryan, & Deci, 1991). Finally, in the area of family communication, research has consistently found that children who are exposed at home to a communication style stressing conformity and avoiding exchange of ideas are, among other things, highly susceptible to persuasive messages (Stone & Chaffee, 1970; McLeod & Chaffee, 1972)...