Date of Award

Fall 1994

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Griffen, Robert

Second Advisor

Turner, Lynn

Third Advisor

Fox, Robert


For the past three decades, research has shown the negative effects that power-assertive (Hoffman, 1970, 1975; Hoffman and Saltzstein, 1967), authoritarian (Baumrind, 1971, 1973, 1983, 1989, 1991a, 1991b, 1991c), and controlling parents (Grolnick & Ryan, 1989) have on children. For example, Hoffman (1970, 1975) found in the area of family discipline that the use of power-assertion is significantly associated with weak moral development. Likewise, children from authoritarian parents have been found to be low in individuation, social consciousness, and autonomy (Baumrind, 1971, 1973). In addition, several researchers report that children of controlling parents have exhibited low levels of autonomy or self-regulation in academic work (Grolnick & Ryan, 1989; Grolnick, Ryan, & Deci, 1991). Finally, in the area of family communication, research has consistently found that children who are exposed at home to a communication style stressing conformity and avoiding exchange of ideas are, among other things, highly susceptible to persuasive messages (Stone & Chaffee, 1970; McLeod & Chaffee, 1972)...



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