Date of Award

Spring 1995

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Tagatz, Glenn E.

Second Advisor

Kipfmueller, Mark

Third Advisor

Riordan, Timothy


The topic of symbolic representation holds a central place in the study and explanation of different systems of meaning. The literature is replete with evidence regarding the extent to which symbolic representation occurs within various domains. For example, management's focus on organizational practice makes use of symbolism to better understand organizational life (Morgan, 1985) and the interplay between unconscious processes and organization (Smircich, 1983). Further, symbolism is explored in the areas of anthropology (McCrary, 1976; Parker, 1988; Paul, 1989); advertising (Ruth, 1990; Ruth & Mosatche, 1985; Ruth, Mosatche & Kramer, 1989); religion (Meissner, 1992; Ransohoff, 1975); education (Billow, 1977; Furth, 1983); literature (Adler & Gorman, 1952; Glenn, 1978; Rubinstein, 1988); Jungian psychology (Brown, 1988; Clift, 1976; Craddick & Thompson, 1972; Mullen, 1968; Rosen, Smith, Huston & Gonzalez, 1991; Ulanov, 1975); and Freudian psychology (Jacobs, 1954; Jones, 1956; Lessler, 1962; Levy, 1954; Moos & Mussen, 1959; Ruth, 1991; Starer, 1955; Winter & Prescott, 1957)...



Restricted Access Item

Having trouble?