Date of Award

Fall 1992

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Augenstein, John

Second Advisor

Cannon, Francis

Third Advisor

Martin, Thomas


Many American colleges and universities have experienced a significant evolution from the more intimate, collegial educational frameworks to the educational megabusinesses that they are today. Enrollment at colleges and universities has more than tripled since 1960 to approximately 14 million students; employment at colleges and universities has more than doubled since 1970 (Cohn, 1979). Expenditures have escalated to over $133 billion per year, according to the The Chronicle of Higher Education Almanac (1992). In fact, it is estimated that higher education is a $100+ billion business, representing 2.7% of the gross national product. The 156 universities, 1,953 four-year colleges, and 1,378 two-year colleges and technical schools employ 793,000 faculty members (Elson, 1992). In addition, the many services now provided by colleges and universities have required that colleges and universities create bureaucratic slots and specialization for these services to be effectively offered and administered...



Restricted Access Item

Having trouble?