Date of Award

Spring 1996

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Augenstein, John J.

Second Advisor

Kurimay, Michael

Third Advisor

Martin, Thomas J.


To date, no definitive comprehensive historical overview has been written concerning the development of supervision within education in the United States. Instead, pieces of the historical development of supervision are to be found generally throughout the literature of education. The purpose of including this brief historical background is to present the development of supervision to that of the period of clinical supervision. Four periods of historical development are presented. They are not necessarily held to fixed dates; rather, they showcase a unique or dominant focus of supervision which allows for a particular understanding of supervision within the history of American education. Various significant developments and definitions of supervision from each of these historical periods are also included...



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