Date of Award

Fall 1991

Document Type

Dissertation - Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Augenstein, John

Second Advisor

Fox, Robert

Third Advisor

Martin, Thomas J.


Anyone having had experience with elementary schools has heard the expression, "You know who really runs that school," or "If you really want the answer, ask the school secretary." Likewise, principals often defer to the secretary for answers to questions regarding general school operation. Because of these observations, secretaries are often accused of taking over, but often if the secretary did not take over the many general operational tasks, no one else would. The secretary becomes a creature of necessity, functioning more as an- administrative assistant to the principal than as an elementary school secretary. Often, building principals can become somewhat lost when their secretaries are absent even for brief periods of time...



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