Date of Award

Spring 2015

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Nagurka, Mark L.

Second Advisor

Voglewede, Philip A.

Third Advisor

Bowman, Anthony J.


The need for designing industrial machines with higher energy efficiency, reliability, flexibility, and accuracy has increased to satisfy market demand for higher productivity at reduced costs in a sustainable manner. As machines become more complex, model-based design is essential to overcome the challenges in mechatronic system design. However, a well-designed mechanical system with a well-designed and tuned control system are not sufficient for machines to operate at high-performance conditions; this also heavily depends on trajectory planning and the appropriate selection of the motors controlling the axes of the machine. In this work, a model-based design approach to properly select motors for single-axes or multi-axes coordinated systems was proposed. Additionally, a trajectory planning approach was also proposed to improve performance of industrial machines. The proposed motor selection process and trajectory planning approach were demonstrated via modeling, simulation, and experimental validation for three systems: two-inertia system, planar robot, and self-balancing transporter. Over 25% of the electric energy delivered in the U.S. in 2013 was used in the industrial sector according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, with an estimated efficiency of 80% according to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This entails major responsibility by the industry to utilize energy efficiently and promote sustainable energy usage. To help improve the energy efficiency in the industrial sector, a novel method to optimize the energy of single-axis and multi-axis coordinated systems of industrial machines was developed. Based on trajectory boundaries and the kinetic model of the mechanism and motors, this proposed energy optimization method performs iterations to recalculate the shape of the motion profile for each motor of the system being optimized until it converges to a motion profile with optimal energy cost and within these boundaries. This method was validated by comparing the energy consumption of those three systems while commanded by the optimized motion profile and then by motion profiles typically used in industrial applications. The energy saved was between 5% and 10%. The implementation cost of this method in industrial systems resides in machine-code changes; no physical changes are needed.