Document Type

Article

Language

eng

Format of Original

6 p.

Publication Date

Summer 1999

Publisher

American Counseling Association

Source Publication

Journal of Counseling and Development

Source ISSN

0748-9633

Abstract

Racial identity has been theorized to significantly affect cross-racial counseling relationships (Helms, 1984, 1995). This study examined the direct impact of White racial identity of 124 counselor trainees on working alliance formation in a same-racial and cross-racial vicarious counseling analogue. Regardless of the race of the client, disintegration and reintegration attitudes negatively affected working alliance ratings, and pseudoindependent and autonomy attitudes positively affected working alliance ratings. Implications for counseling, supervision, training, and research are discussed.

Comments

Published version. Reprinted from Journal of Counseling & Development, Vol. 77, No. 3 (Summer 1999): 324-329. DOI. © 1999 The American Counseling Association. Reprinted with permission. No further reproduction authorized without written permission from the American Counseling Association.

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