Format of Original
American Psychological Association
Journal of Counseling Psychology
Empathy and attributions of client responsibility for the cause of and solution to a problem were examined for 247 psychologists who were identified as having low, moderate, and high color-blind racial attitudes. Participants responded to 1 of 4 vignettes that controlled for client race (i.e., African American, European American) and client attributions regarding the cause (i.e., depression, discrimination) of a problem. Analyses revealed that the therapists’ level of color-blindness was directly related to their capacity for empathy and also to their attributions of responsibility for the solution to the problem with an African American client but not with a European American client. No relationship was found between therapist color-blindness and attributions of responsibility for cause of the problem. Implications of these results for counseling practice, training, and research are discussed.
Burkard, Alan W. and Knox, Sarah, "Effect of Therapist Color-Blindness on Empathy and Attributions in Cross-Cultural Counseling" (2004). College of Education Faculty Research and Publications. 19.
Accepted version. Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol. 51, No. 4 (October 2004): 387-397. DOI. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.