Development of an Instrument to Measure the Behaviors and Expectations of Parents of Young Children
Format of Original
Oxford University Press
Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Designed a study to develop an instrument, the Parenting Inventory: Young Children (PI), to assess the behaviors and developmental expectations of parents who have a child between 1 and 4 years of age. Item development for the PI occurred within a developmental-environmental theoretical framework and was based on literature reviews and clinical experience. Experts working with parents and/or children and parents of young children established the content validity of the items. The PI was tested with a sample of 1,140 mothers. This sample was representative of the population from which it was drawn, a large urban area, in terms of the sample children's sex and ethnicity. A diverse range of socioeconomic levels were included. The resulting 100-item PI was found to reliably measure three aspects of parenting: Expectations, Discipline, and Nurturing. These factors demonstrated good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Future research needs relative to the continued development of the PI are addressed.
Fox, Robert A., "Development of an Instrument to Measure the Behaviors and Expectations of Parents of Young Children" (1992). College of Education Faculty Research and Publications. 199.