Document Type




Format of Original

12 p.

Publication Date



Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

Source Publication

Psychotherapy Research

Source ISSN



In interviews with 14 counseling center predoctoral interns regarding a significant nondisclosure in supervision, eight interns reported good supervisory relationships and six indicated that they experienced problematic supervisory relationships. Nondisclosures for the interns in good supervisory relationships related to personal reactions to clients, whereas nondisclosures for interns in problematic supervisory relationships related to global dissatisfaction with the supervisory relationship. In both groups, interns mentioned concerns about evaluation and negative feelings as typical reasons for nondisclosure. Additional reasons for nondisclosure for interns in problematic supervision were power dynamics, inhibiting demographic or cultural variables, and the supervisor's theoretical orientation. Both groups described negative effects of nondisclosure on themselves and their relationships with clients. Interns in problematic supervision also reported that nondisclosures had negative effects on the supervisory relationship.


Accepted version. Psychotherapy Research, Vol. 18, No. 4 (July 2008): 400-411. DOI. © 2008 Taylor & Francis. Used with permission.

Sarah Knox was affiliated with the University of Maryland at the time of publication.