Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Affirmative and Non-Affirmative Supervision

Alan Burkard, Marquette University
Sarah Knox, Marquette University
Shirley A. Hess, Shippensburg University
Jill Schultz, Frederick Community College

Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol. 56, No. 1 (January 2009): 176-188. DOI.


Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) supervisees were interviewed regarding their experiences of LGB-affirmative and nonaffirmative supervision. Supervisees were asked to describe one of each type of event (i.e., affirmative, nonaffirmative) from their past supervision. In LGB-affirmative supervision, all supervisees felt supported in their LGB-affirmative work with clients. Supervisees perceived that the affirming events also positively affected the supervision relationship, client outcomes, and themselves as supervisees. In LGB nonaffirming supervision, supervisees perceived supervisors to be biased or oppressive toward supervisees' clients or themselves on the basis of LGB concerns or identity. From supervisees' perspectives, the nonaffirming events negatively affected the supervision relationship, client outcomes, and supervisees. Implications for research and supervision are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)