A Qualitative Analysis of Client Perceptions of the Effects of Helpful Therapist Self-Disclosure in Long-Term Therapy
American Psychological Association
Journal of Counseling Psychology
Thirteen adult psychotherapy clients currently in long-term therapy were interviewed twice, with semistructured protocols, about their experiences with helpful instances of therapist self-disclosure. Data were analyzed with a qualitative methodology. Results indicated that helpful therapist self-disclosures (a) occurred when these clients were discussing important personal issues, (b) were perceived as being intended by therapists to normalize or reassure the clients, and (c) consisted of a disclosure of personal nonimmediate information about the therapists. The therapist self-disclosures resulted in positive consequences for these clients that included insight or a new perspective from which to make changes, an improved or more equalized therapeutic relationship, normalization, and reassurance. Implications for psychotherapy are discussed.
Knox, Sarah; Hess, Shirley A.; Petersen, David A.; and Hill, Clara E., "A Qualitative Analysis of Client Perceptions of the Effects of Helpful Therapist Self-Disclosure in Long-Term Therapy" (1997). College of Education Faculty Research and Publications. 455.
ADA Accessible Version
Accepted version. Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol. 44, No. 3 (July 1997): 274-283. DOI. © 1997 American Psychological Association. Used with permission.
Sarah Knox was affiliated with the University of Maryland - College Park at the time of publication.