Predictors of Homophobia in Hispanic College Students Majoring in Allied Health Disciplines

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Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling

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DOI: 10.1891/JARC-2022-0001


The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of Hispanic pre-service allied health professionals toward gay and lesbian individuals. The sample consisted of 286 Hispanic students enrolled in the rehabilitation services, communication disorders, and nursing programs at a large public university located in a southwestern state in the United States. A 3 (academic major) x 2 (sex) factorial analysis of variance and a hierarchical regression analysis were used to compare the differences in the levels of acceptance among the different allied health majors and to predict the factors that influence these views, respectively. The results showed that the female students were less accepting of sexual orientation and gender diverse clients/patients than their male counterparts. Male students in the rehabilitation services program reported the least accepting attitudes while male students in the communication disorders program reported the most accepting attitudes. Religiosity, prior interaction with sexual orientation and gender diverse individuals, and church attendance were statistically significant predictors of acceptance. The implications of the findings are discussed.


Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, early view. DOI.