Format of Original
American Counseling Association
Journal of Counseling & Development
Current diagnostic processes reflect the limitations and utility of the framework of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994). Clinical information in the DSM-IV's 5-axis system almost exclusively focuses on weaknesses and pathology and is summarized in a flawed categorical system. Hence, the authors describe 3 adjunctive, or alternative, means of conceptualizing behavior; several means of altering the current DSM-IV system; and 2 future directions in the diagnosis of strengths.
Lopez, Shane J.; Edwards, Lisa; Teramoto Pedrotti, Jennifer; Prosser, Ellie C.; LaRue, Stephanie; Vehige Spalitto, Susan; and Ulven, Jon C., "Beyond the DSM-IV: Assumptions, Alternatives, and Alterations" (2006). College of Education Faculty Research and Publications. 84.