Dynamic Modeling of Brushless dc Motors for Aerospace Actuation

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Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)

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IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems

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A discrete time model for simulation of the dynamics of samarium cobalt-type permanent magnet brushless dc machines is presented. The similation model includes modeling of the interaction between these machines and their attached power conditioners. These are transistorized conditioner units. This model is part of an overall discrete-time analysis of the dynamic performance of electromechanical actuators, which was conducted as part of prototype development of such actuators studied and built for NASA-Johnson Space Center as a prospective alternative to hydraulic actuators presently used in shuttle orbiter applications. The resulting numerical simulations of the various machine and power conditioner current and voltage waveforms gave excellent correlation to the actual waveforms collected from actual hardware experimental testing. These results, numerical and experimental, are presented here for machine motoring, regeneration and dynamic braking modes. Application of the resulting model to the determination of machine current and torque profiles during closed-loop actuator operation were also analyzed and the results are given here. These results are given in light of an overall view of the actuator system components. The applicability of this method of analysis to design optimization and trouble-shooting in such prototype development is also discussed in light of the results at hand.


IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, (Vol. AES-16, No. 6 (November 1980): 811-821. DOI.

N.A. Demerdash was affiliated with Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University at the time of publication.