Document Type

Conference Proceeding



Publication Date



Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)

Source Publication

2019 IEEE International Electric Machines & Drives Conference (IEMDC)

Source ISSN



This paper is a contribution to answering the following question: Is it possible to design a permanent-magnet machine with the performance expected from rare-earth magnets, but at a lower cost? Performance being understood as torque, size, efficiency, demagnetization and temperature rise together. The question is addressed with a systematic exploration of different interior permanent-magnet machine topologies mixing rare-earth and ferrite permanent magnets. The study starts from a production baseline, the Prius 2010 traction motor, with interior magnets placed in a single V pattern. It investigates various rotor designs, most specifically, single V and double V patterns as well as spoke configurations. The stator cross-section design and winding selection are fixed, providing a solid comparison basis from the point of view of machine cooling. For each rotor design, torque potential and machine material cost are assessed, the latter expressed as torque per dollar. A promising configuration was found, based on a spoke pattern, for which further modeling was performed to assess efficiency as well as resistance to demagnetization. It reduces the rare earth magnet volume by over 60%.


Accepted version. 2019 IEEE International Electric Machines & Drives Conference (IEMDC), (May 2019). DOI. © 2019 Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). Used with permission.

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