Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
2019 IEEE International Electric Machines & Drives Conference (IEMDC)
This paper is a contribution to answering the following question: Is it possible to design a permanent-magnet machine with the performance expected from rare-earth magnets, but at a lower cost? Performance being understood as torque, size, efficiency, demagnetization and temperature rise together. The question is addressed with a systematic exploration of different interior permanent-magnet machine topologies mixing rare-earth and ferrite permanent magnets. The study starts from a production baseline, the Prius 2010 traction motor, with interior magnets placed in a single V pattern. It investigates various rotor designs, most specifically, single V and double V patterns as well as spoke configurations. The stator cross-section design and winding selection are fixed, providing a solid comparison basis from the point of view of machine cooling. For each rotor design, torque potential and machine material cost are assessed, the latter expressed as torque per dollar. A promising configuration was found, based on a spoke pattern, for which further modeling was performed to assess efficiency as well as resistance to demagnetization. It reduces the rare earth magnet volume by over 60%.
Ma, Qingqing; EL-Refaie, Ayman M.; and Lequesne, Bruno, "Low-Cost Interior Permanent Magnet Machine with a Blend of Magnet Types" (2019). Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications. 577.