Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Algorithms for constructing velocity approximations from discrete position versus time data are investigated. The study is limited to algorithms suitable to provide velocity information in discrete-time feedback control systems such as microprocessor-based systems with a discrete position encoder. Velocity estimators based on lines per period, reciprocal-time, Taylor series expansion, backward difference expansions, and least-square curve fits are presented. Based on computer simulations, comparisons of relative accuracies of the different algorithms are made. The least-squares velocity estimators filtered the effect of imperfect measurements best, whereas the Taylor series expansions and backward difference equation estimators respond better to velocity transients.
Brown, Ronald H.; Schneider, Susan C. PhD; and Mulligan, Michael G., "Analysis of Algorithms for Velocity Estimation from Discrete Position Versus Time Data" (1992). Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications. 587.
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