Document Type




Publication Date



Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)

Source Publication

IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications

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This article is a contribution to answer the following question: Is it possible to design a permanent magnet machine with the performance expected from rare-earth magnets but at a lower cost? Performance being understood as torque, size, efficiency, demagnetization, and temperature rise together. The question is addressed with a systematic exploration of different interior permanent magnet machine topologies mixing rare-earth and ferrite permanent magnets. The study starts from a production baseline, the Prius 2010 traction motor, with interior magnets placed in a single V pattern. It investigates various rotor designs, most specifically, single V and double V patterns as well as spoke configurations. The stator cross-section design and winding selection are fixed, providing a solid comparison basis from the point of view of machine cooling. For each rotor design, torque potential and machine material cost are assessed, the latter expressed as torque per dollar. A promising configuration was found based on a spoke pattern for which further modeling was performed to assess efficiency as well as mechanical strength and resistance to short circuits and to demagnetization. It reduces the rare-earth magnet volume by over 60%.


Accepted version. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 56, No. 2 (2020, March-April): 1452-1463. DOI. © 2020 Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). Used with permission.

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