Document Type


Publication Date



American Chemical Society

Source Publication

Nano Letters

Source ISSN


Original Item ID

DOI: 10.1021/nl303837y


We demonstrate a nanopillar (NP) device structure for implementing plasmonically enhanced avalanche photodetector arrays with thin avalanche volumes (∼ 310 nm × 150 nm × 150 nm). A localized 3D electric field due to a core–shell PN junction in a NP acts as a multiplication region, while efficient light absorption takes place via surface plasmon polariton Bloch wave (SPP-BW) modes due to a self-aligned metal nanohole lattice. Avalanche gains of ∼216 at 730 nm at −12 V are obtained. We show through capacitance–voltage characterization, temperature-dependent breakdown measurements, and detailed device modeling that the avalanche region is on the order of the ionization path length, such that dead-space effects become significant. This work presents a clear path toward engineering dead space effects in thin 3D-confined multiplication regions for high performance avalanche detectors for applications in telecommunications, sensing and single photon detection.


Accepted version. Nano Letters, Vol. 12, No. 12 (December 2012): 6448-6452. DOI. © 2012 American Chemical Society. Used with permission.

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