Date of Award


Degree Type

Master's Essay - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)




Ernest Hemingway's novel, A Farewell to Arms, defies classification from many points of view. It is not simply a war novel or simply a love story or simply a rite of initiation or simply anything. At least a part of the complexity that Hemingway manages to weave into the very fabric of the work results from his sustained use of imagery. Much of this imagery has been amply explored in previous criticism: Carlos Baker, for instance, has developed the "mountain and plain" symbolism of the book and explored the "home" and "not home" imagery associated with Catherine.1 Frederick J. Hoffman has noted the many references to chess and other games which occur throughout the novel,2 while many critics have discussed the importance of rain as a dominant imagery pattern.3 Similarly, the symbols of both religion and dreams have been explored by Charles H. Anderson.4