Date of Award

Summer 1980

Degree Type

Master's Essay - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)




The perceived helplessness of eleven obese and ten nonobese subjects was measured by the Perceived Helplessness Tool for Obese and Nonobese Insulin Dependent Diabetic Adults that was developed by this nurse researcher. The subjects responded to questions that measured control in eight categories- general health, clinic and/or visits to doctors, foot care, eating habits, exercise, insulin administration, weight control and complications of diabetes. Using the t-test, no significant difference was found between the obese and the nonobese subjects. The Median test and the Mann-Whitney U test also showed no significant results.