Date of Award


Degree Type

Master's Essay - Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)



First Advisor

Carl G. Thom


In this overcrowded and complex world of today, the human race can no longer afford the luxury of isolation. Diplomatic, business, and cultural boundries (sic) are being eradicated as we turn to a global economy. It now becomes necessary that, if Americans want to keep this present standard of living, our children need to be educated through methods that teach cooperation.

Cooperative learning methods are not new. They have been in use since the mid 19th century, but have never been the central theme of American education. Instead, our educational system has stressed the importance of individual achievement over group achievement. Now, because of the current global situation it is time to take a serious look at what role cooperative learning methods should take in American education.

Thus, the purpose of this study is to offer a brief history of cooperative learning methods and to detail two specific classroom applications. In describing these applications, this study will focus on the works of Robert E. Slavin, David W. Johnson, and Roger T. Johnson.